The paint contains four groups of ingredients, and not surprisingly, all of them could contribute to health hazards. However, your question is related to Fumes, which are also called VOC (Volatile Organic Chemicals). Hence they are restricted to three constituents, namely the Binders, Solvents or Thinners, and Additives. They can be harmful to the baby’s breaths.
Moreover, The binders most commonly used in paints fall into five categories. Each category and also the hazards attributed to some of their ingredients have been well-documented. The purpose of using volatile solvents is to improve the dissolution of the resins and reduction in viscosity. Such toxic coatings are mainly Epoxies and Poly Urethane based paints that use highly volatile solvents.
The pigments are solid materials and are not volatile and don’t contribute to health hazards through breathing. However, some dyes are highly toxic and poisonous. They are mainly metal pigments like Lead, Mercury Compounds, and metallic soaps used in improving the quality of paints. Children are prone to be affected by these pigments and additives, as they chew on any and every object they lay their hands on, including toys.
What Type Of Paints Cause Harm In Baby’s Breaths?
Alkyds: Alkyds are polyesters used in enamels. They also use Mineral Turpentine (MT) and, in some cases, stronger solvents. The fumes arising out of the solutions in alkyds are not toxic and can be to handle in Home Painting. However, excessive smelling could lead to respiratory problems, nausea, imbalance, and cough. Better ventilation could be the key, and keeping the windows open with free airflow should suffice.
In some of the heat-cured (stoving) enamels, where other cross-linking substances and stronger solvents are useful, there could be some hazard. However, the application of stoving enamel systems is in a restriction to factory production line settings. The personnel in production lines understand the possible health hazards and take precautionary measures.
Acrylic and Vinyl Paints: In paints for homes, Acrylic and vinyl acetate copolymers are extensively in use in Emulsion Paints. They are water-thinkable. Also, Using water as a thinner reduces the exposure of painters to any strong volatile organic solvents. However, water-based emulsions are prone to fungus and bacterial growth. This could result in the production of gases inside the container and could ultimately burst them open.
This problem was also to take care of by using preservatives like Formalin. In the modern formulations, varieties of excellent non-toxic inhibitors of micro-organisms have been developing and used.
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Epoxy Resin-based binders: These wall painting systems are in formulation with powerful solvents. Dissolving an epoxy resin in a solution depends on the grade and hardener chosen.
Moreover, In the production of these resins, the chemicals are Bis-phenol-A, Bisphenol-B Bisphenol-F, Epi-chlorohydrin, poly-amines, and poly-amides. However, Bis-phenol-A is to identify as a chemical which does not bio-degrade and accumulates in the tissues for several decades. In extreme cases, higher intake could lead to loss of re-productivity.
Properties mentioned are general and vary from one component to another. Data are also available in the form of Safety Data Sheets (SDS) for each product. Moreover, Handling and safety measures should take by workers handling these products can gather from these SDS.